ΠΡΠΊΡΠ΄Π° ΠΈΠ΄Π΅Ρ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ²ΠΈΠ»Π°ΡΡ?
ΠΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠΌ ΠΈΠ·Π²Π΅ΡΡΠ΅Π½, ΠΏΡΠΎΠ³ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π²ΡΠΈΠΉ Π½Π° Π²Π΅ΡΡ ΠΌΠΈΡ Π·Π½Π°ΠΌΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡΡΠΉ ΠΠ²ΡΡΡΠ°Π»ΠΈΠΉΡΠΊΠΈΠΉ ΡΠ»Π΅ΠΉ Ρ Π²ΡΡΠ΅ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠΈΠΌ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄ΠΎΠΌ. ΠΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΈ, ΠΎΡΠ΅Ρ ΠΈ ΡΡΠ½, Π‘Π΅Π΄Π°Ρ ΠΠ½Π΄Π΅ΡΡΠΎΠ½ ΠΈ Π‘ΡΡΠ°ΡΡ ΠΠ½Π΄Π΅ΡΡΠΎΠ½ ΠΏΠΎΡΠ»Π΅ 10 Π»Π΅Ρ ΡΠ°Π·ΡΠ°Π±ΠΎΡΠΎΠΊ ΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄ΡΡΠ°Π²ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΠΌΠΈΡΡ ΡΠ²ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠΉ ΡΠ»Π΅ΠΉ. ΠΠ°Π·Π°Π»ΠΎΡΡ, ΠΊΠ°ΠΊΠ°Ρ ΠΎΡΠ»ΠΈΡΠ½Π°Ρ ΠΈΠ΄Π΅Ρ! Π ΠΏΠΎΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ Π½ΠΈΠΊΡΠΎ ΡΠ°Π½ΡΡΠ΅ Π½Π΅ Π΄ΠΎΠ³Π°Π΄Π°Π»ΡΡ Π΄ΠΎ ΡΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ? ΠΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅ΡΡΡ, Cedar and Stuart Anderson ΠΏΡΠΎΡΡΠΎ ΡΠΊΡΠ°Π»ΠΈ ΠΈΠ΄Π΅Ρ Ρ ΠΡΠΏΠ°Π½ΡΠΊΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ Juan Bizcarro Garriga, ΠΎ ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΡΠ²ΠΈΠ΄Π΅ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΡΡΠ²ΡΠ΅Ρ ΠΏΠ°ΡΠ΅Π½Ρ β 288,951 ΠΎΡ 08.08.1939 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°. ΠΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ, ΡΡΠΎ ΠΈΠ΄Π΅Ρ Ρ Π²ΡΡΠ΅ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠΈΠΌ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄ΠΎΠΌ ΠΈΠ· ΡΠ»ΡΡ ΡΠΆΠ΅ Π±ΡΠ»Π° Π² Π΄Π°Π»Π΅ΠΊΠΎΠΌ 1939 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΈ ΠΏΠΎ ΠΏΡΠ°Π²Ρ ΠΏΡΠΈΠ½Π°Π΄Π»Π΅ΠΆΠΈΡ ΠΡΠΏΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ. ΠΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ ΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΠ» Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡ ΡΠ²ΠΎΠΈΠΌ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ΠΌ, ΡΠ°ΠΊ ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ Π½Π° ΡΠΎΡ ΠΌΠΎΠΌΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΎΡΡΡΡΡΡΠ²ΠΎΠ²Π°Π»ΠΈ Π½Π΅ΠΎΠ±Ρ
Π½ΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠ³ΠΈΠΈ Π΄Π»Ρ ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΈΠ·Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²Π»Π΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠ±Π½ΠΎΠΉ ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΡΡΡΠΊΡΠΈΠΈ.
ΠΠΈΠΆΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠΈΠ²Π΅Π΄Π΅Π½Π° ΡΠ°ΡΡΡ ΠΏΠ°ΡΠ΅Π½ΡΠ° Ρ ΠΎΡΠΈΠ³ΠΈΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠΌ ΡΠ΅ΠΊΡΡΠΎΠΌ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π»Ρ.
ΠΠΠ’ΠΠΠ’ΠΠΠ ΠΠΠΠΠΠ‘Π’ΠΠ Π‘Π¨Π
Π₯ΡΠ°Π½ ΠΠ°ΡΡΠΈΠ³Π° Bizcarro, ΠΠ³ΡΠ°Π»Π°Π΄Π°, ΠΠ°ΡΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ½Π°, ΠΡΠΏΠ°Π½ΠΈΡ
8 ΠΠ²Π³ΡΡΡΠ°, 1939 Π³ΠΎΠ΄Π°. ΠΡΠΈΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅, Π‘Π΅ΡΠΈΠΉΠ½ΡΠΉ β 288,951
Π ΠΡΠΏΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΈ 21 ΠΠΏΡΠ΅Π»Ρ,1939
Π£Π»Π΅ΠΉ Ρ ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈ ΠΈΠ·Π³ΠΎΡΠΎΠ²Π»Π΅Π½Ρ ΠΈΠ· ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π»Π»Π°, Π±ΡΠ» ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠΎΠ΅Π½ Π² ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π½Π΅ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π²ΡΠ΅ΠΌΠ΅Π½ΠΈ. ΠΠ³ΠΎ ΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠΈΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎ ΠΈΠ·Π³ΠΎΡΠ°Π²Π»ΠΈΠ²Π°ΡΡ ΠΈΠ· Π°Π»ΡΠΌΠΈΠ½ΠΈΡ, ΠΊΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²ΠΎ ΡΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ°Π»Π»Π° ΠΈ Π΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΠΏΠ»Π°Π²Ρ ΠΎΡΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΏΠΎΠ΄Ρ
ΠΎΠ΄ΡΡ Π΄Π»Ρ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΈ.
ΠΡΠΈ ΠΈΡΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΠ·ΠΎΠ²Π°Π½ΠΈΠΈ ΡΠ»ΡΡ Ρ ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈ, ΠΏΠΎ ΠΌΠΎΠ΅ΠΌΡ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ, Π²ΡΠ΅ ΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈ ΠΈΠ·Π²Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄Π° ΠΈΠ· ΡΠ»ΡΠ΅Π² Π·Π½Π°ΡΠΈΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎ ΡΠΏΡΠΎΡΠ΅Π½Ρ, ΠΏΡΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΎΡΠΊΠ°Π·Π° ΠΎΡ ΠΌΠ°Π½ΠΈΠΏΡΠ»ΡΡΠΈΠΉ Π²Π½ΡΡΡΠΈ ΡΠ»ΡΡ. Π ΡΠ΅Π·ΡΠ»ΡΡΠ°ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ΅Π³ΠΎ ΡΠ°Π±ΠΎΡΡ ΠΏΠΎ ΡΠ±ΠΎΡΡ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄Π°, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠΉ ΡΠ²Π»ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ Π΄Π»ΠΈΠ½Π½ΡΠΌ, ΡΡΠΎΠΌΠΈΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠΌ ΠΈ Π΄Π°ΠΆΠ΅ ΠΎΠΏΠ°ΡΠ½ΡΠΌ, ΠΏΡΠ΅Π²ΡΠ°ΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ Π² ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΊΡΡ ΠΈ Π»Π΅Π³ΠΊΡΡ ΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΡ, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠ°Ρ ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ΅Ρ Π±ΡΡΡ Π²ΡΠΏΠΎΠ»Π½Π΅Π½Π° Π»ΡΠ±ΡΠΌ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²Π΅ΠΊΠΎΠΌ.
Π‘ Π΄ΡΡΠ³ΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ½Ρ, ΠΏΡΠ΅Π»Ρ Π½Π΅ ΡΠ°Π·Π΄ΡΠ°ΠΆΠ΅Π½Ρ Π²ΡΠΏΠΎΠ»Π½ΡΠ΅ΠΌΡΠΌΠΈ ΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ°ΡΠΈΡΠΌΠΈ, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠ΅ Π΄ΠΎΠ»ΠΆΠ½Ρ ΠΏΡΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡΡΡΡ Π² ΡΠ΅Π»ΡΡ
ΡΠ±ΠΎΡΠ° ΠΌΠ΅Π΄Π°, ΡΡΠΎ ΠΏΠΎΠ·Π²ΠΎΠ»ΡΠ΅Ρ ΠΈΠ·Π±Π΅ΠΆΠ°ΡΡ ΡΠΎΠΊΡΠ°ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠΎΠΈΠ·Π²ΠΎΠ΄ΡΡΠ²Π° ΠΊΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π° ΠΌΠ΅Π΄Π°. ΠΡΠ΅ ΡΡΠΎ, Π² ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΠ·Ρ ΠΏΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΠ½ΠΈΠΊΠ°.
ΠΡΠΎ ΡΠ»Π΅Π΄ΡΠ΅Ρ ΠΈΠ· ΡΠ»ΡΡΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠΉ. ΠΠ·Π²Π»Π΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄Π° ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ΅Ρ ΠΎΡΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π»ΡΡΡΡΡ Π² ΡΠ»ΡΠ΅ Π±Π΅Π· ΠΏΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΄Π°, ΠΏΡΠΈΠ±Π΅Π³Π°Ρ ΠΊ ΡΡΠΌΠΈΠ³Π°ΡΠΈΠΈ, Π½Π΅ Π½Π°Π΄ΠΎ Π²ΡΡΡΠΏΠ°ΡΡ Π² ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΠ°ΠΊΡ Ρ ΠΏΡΠ΅Π»Π°ΠΌΠΈ, ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΠΌ ΠΈΠ·Π±Π΅Π³Π°Ρ ΠΎΠΏΠ°ΡΠ½ΠΎΡΡΠΈ Π±ΡΡΡ ΡΠΆΠ°Π»Π΅Π½Π½ΡΠΌ.
ΠΡΠΈΠ½ΡΠΈΠΏΠΈΠ°Π»ΡΠ½Π°Ρ ΠΎΡΠΎΠ±Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΡΡΡ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ Π·Π°ΠΊΠ»ΡΡΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ Π² ΡΠΎΠΌ, ΡΡΠΎ ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΊΠΈ (ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ΡΡ) ΡΠΎΡΡΠΎΡΡ ΠΈΠ· ΡΡΠ΅Ρ
ΡΠ°ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉ, Π΄Π²Π΅ Π±ΠΎΠΊΠΎΠ²ΡΠ΅ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΈ ΠΈ ΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉ ΡΠ΅Π½ΡΡΠ°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΈ, Π΄Π°Π»Π΅Π΅ ΡΡΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠΈΡΡ. ΠΠ°ΡΡΠΈΡΠ° ΡΡΠ΅Π½Π° ΠΏΡΠΈΡΠΏΠΎΡΠΎΠ±Π»Π΅Π½Π½ΡΠ΅ Π΄Π»Ρ ΠΎΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄Π΅Π»Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠ΅ΠΏΠ΅Π½ΠΈ ΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π΄Π²ΠΈΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ, ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΡΠΈΡΠ΅Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎ Π±ΠΎΠΊΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠΉ ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ Π±ΠΎΠΊΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΈ, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠΈΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΠ·Π²ΠΎΠ»ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ Π·Π°Π½ΡΡΡ ΡΠΎΠΎΡΠ²Π΅ΡΡΡΠ²ΡΡΡΠ΅Π΅ ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅, Π² ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΠΎΠΌ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄ ΠΈ ΡΠΎΠ΄Π΅ΡΠΆΠ°ΡΠΈΠ΅ΡΡ Π² ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ
ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ΅Ρ ΡΡΠ΅ΠΊΠ°ΡΡ Π½Π°ΡΡΠΆΡ ΠΈ ΠΏΡΠΎΡ
ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡΡ ΠΊ ΡΠΎΡΡΠ΄Π°ΠΌ, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠΉ ΠΌΠΎΠΆΠ΅Ρ Π±ΡΡΡ Π»Π΅Π³ΠΊΠΎ ΡΠ΄Π°Π»Π΅Π½ ΠΏΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ²ΠΎΠ΄ΠΎΠΌ.
ΠΡΡΠ³ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΏΡΠ΅ΠΈΠΌΡΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π° ΠΈ ΠΎΡΠΎΠ±Π΅Π½Π½ΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ Π±ΡΠ΄ΡΡ Π² Π΄Π°Π»ΡΠ½Π΅ΠΉΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΠΎΠΏΠΈΡΠ°Π½Ρ.
ΠΠ°ΠΊ ΠΈΠ·Π²Π΅ΡΡΠ½ΠΎ, ΡΠΎΡΡ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΡΠΎΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΏΡΠ΅Π»Π°ΠΌΠΈ ΠΈ ΡΠΎΡΡΠΎΡΡ ΠΈΠ· ΠΎΡΠ΅Π½Ρ Π±ΠΎΠ»ΡΡΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΠΊΠΎΠ»ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π° ΠΌΠ΅Π»ΠΊΠΈΡ
ΡΠΎΡΡΠ΄ΠΎΠ². Π―ΡΠ΅ΠΉΠΊΠΈ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΠ½Π΅Π½Ρ ΡΡΠ΅Π΄Π½Π΅ΠΉ ΡΡΠ΅Π½ΠΊΠΎΠΉ, ΡΠ°ΠΊ, ΡΡΠΎ ΠΎΠ½ΠΈ ΡΠΎΠΏΡΠΈΠΊΠ°ΡΠ°ΡΡΡΡ Π΄ΡΡΠ³ Ρ Π΄ΡΡΠ³ΠΎΠΌ ΠΏΠΎ Π±ΠΎΠΊΠ°ΠΌ, ΡΠ²Π΅ΡΡ
Ρ ΠΈ ΡΠ½ΠΈΠ·Ρ. ΠΠ½ΠΈΡΠ° ΡΠ²Π»ΡΡΡΡΡ ΠΏΠΈΡΠ°ΠΌΠΈΠ΄Π°ΠΌΠΈ ΡΡΠ΅ΡΠ³ΠΎΠ»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ, ΡΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ½Ρ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΡ
ΡΠ°Π²Π½Ρ ΠΈ ΡΠΎΠ΅Π΄ΠΈΠ½Π΅Π½Ρ Π²ΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠ΅, ΡΠ°Π²Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ Π½Π°ΠΊΠ»ΠΎΠ½Π°, ΡΠ°ΠΊ ΡΡΠΎ ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΊΠ° ΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄ΡΡΠ°Π²Π»ΡΠ΅Ρ ΡΠΎΠ±ΠΎΠΉ ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ Π΅Π΄ΠΈΠ½ΠΎΠ΅ ΡΠ΅Π»ΠΎΠ΅, ΠΏΠΎΠ»ΡΠΉ ΠΊΠΎΡΠΏΡΡ ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠΈΡΠ³ΠΎΠ»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π΅Π» ΡΠ½ΠΈΠ·Ρ, ΡΠ°ΡΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΡΠ²Π»ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ ΡΠ°ΠΊΠΈΠΌ, ΡΡΠΎ Π΄Π½ΠΎ ΠΊΠ°ΠΆΠ΄ΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉΠΊΠΈ Π΄Π΅ΠΉΡΡΠ²ΡΠ΅Ρ ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΈΡΠ½ΠΎ Π² ΠΊΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅ ΠΎΡΠ½ΠΎΠ²Ρ ΡΡΠ΅Ρ
Π’Π΅Π»Π° ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΎΠΊ ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ°Π·ΡΡΡ Π΄Π²Π° ΡΠΈΠΌΠΌΠ΅ΡΡΠΈΡΠ½ΡΡ
ΡΡΠ΄Π° Ρ ΠΎΡΠ²Π΅ΡΡΡΠΈΡΠΌΠΈ, Π²Π΅Π΄ΡΡΠΈΠΌΠΈ ΠΊ ΠΊΠ°ΠΆΠ΄ΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ½Π΅ ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΎΠΊ.
Π’ΠΎΠ»ΡΠΈΠ½Π° ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉΠΊΠΈ Π² ΡΠ΅Π½ΡΡΠ΅ ΡΡΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΈΠ»ΠΈ ΡΡΠ΅Π½Ρ ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΠΈΡΡ, ΡΠΎΡΠΌΠΈΡΡΡ Π΄Π½ΠΎ ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΊΠΈ ΠΈ ΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π΅Π»Π΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΊΠΈ ΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΡ ΠΎΡ Π΄ΡΡΠ³ΠΈΡ
. Π¦Π΅Π½ΡΡΠ°Π»ΡΠ½Π°Ρ ΠΎΡΡ ΠΊΠ°ΠΆΠ΄ΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠ΅ΠΉΠΊΠΈ Π½Π°Ρ
ΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡΡΡ Π½Π° ΠΏΡΠΎΡΠΈΠ²ΠΎΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠ½ΠΎΠΉ ΡΠΊΠ»ΠΎΠ½Π½ΠΎΡΡΠΈ ΠΊ ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΊΠ΅ Ρ Π΄ΡΡΠ³ΠΎΠΉ ΡΡΠΎΡΠΎΠ½Ρ, ΡΠ΅ΠΌ ΡΠ°ΠΌΡΠΌ ΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄ΠΎΡΠ²ΡΠ°ΡΠ°Ρ ΡΡΠ΅ΠΊΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄Π°, ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΠΉ ΡΠΎΠ΄Π΅ΡΠΆΠΈΡΡΡ Π² ΠΊΠ»Π΅ΡΠΊΠ°Ρ
Π΅ΠΌΠ°ΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈ ΠΏΠΎΡΡΠ½ΡΠ΅ΡΡΡ, Π² ΠΊΠ°ΡΠ΅ΡΡΠ²Π΅ ΠΏΡΠΈΠΌΠ΅ΡΠ° Π½Π° ΠΏΡΠΈΠ»Π°Π³Π°Π΅ΠΌΡΡ
, Π² ΠΊΠΎΡΠΎΡΡΡ
Π ΠΈΡΡΠ½ΠΎΠΊ 1-ΡΡΠΎΠΉΠΊΠ° ΡΠ΅ΠΊΡΠΈΠΎΠ½Π½Π°Ρ, Π²ΡΡΠΎΡΠ° ΡΠ»ΡΡ ΡΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΡΡΡΠΈΡΠΎΠ²Π°Π½Π½ΠΎΠ³ΠΎ ΡΠΎΠ³Π»Π°ΡΠ½ΠΎ ΠΈΠ·ΠΎΠ±ΡΠ΅ΡΠ΅Π½ΠΈΡ.
Π ΠΈΡ. 2 ΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄ΡΡΠ°Π²Π»ΡΠ΅Ρ ΡΠΎΠ±ΠΎΠΉ Π΄Π΅ΡΠ°Π»Ρ Π² ΡΠ°Π·Π΄Π΅Π»Π΅ Π²Π΅ΡΡΠΈΠΊΠ°Π»ΡΠ½Π°Ρ ΠΏΠΎΠΏΠ΅ΡΠ΅ΡΠ½Π°Ρ Π² ΡΠ²Π΅Π»ΠΈΡΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠΌ ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΡΠ°Π±Π΅, ΡΠ°ΡΡΠΈ Π΄Π²ΡΡ
Π ΠΈΡ. 3 ΠΏΡΠ΅Π΄ΡΡΠ°Π²Π»ΡΠ΅Ρ ΡΠΎΠ±ΠΎΠΉ Π²ΠΈΠ΄ ΡΠ±ΠΎΠΊΡ ΡΠ»ΡΡ, ΠΊΠ°ΠΊ ΠΌΠ΅Π΄ ΠΈΠ·Π²Π»Π΅ΠΊΠ°Π΅ΡΡΡ ΠΈΠ· ΡΡΠ΅Π΅ΠΊ.
Π¦ΠΈΡΡΡ 4 ΠΈ 5 ΡΠ΅ΠΎΡΠ΅ΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈΡ
Π΅ΠΌ Π½Π° ΡΠΌΠ΅Π½ΡΡΠ΅Π½Π½ΠΎΠΌ ΠΌΠ°ΡΡΡΠ°Π±Π΅, ΠΏΠΎΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°ΡΡ Π²Π·Π°ΠΈΠΌΠΎΡΠ°ΡΠΏΠΎΠ»ΠΎΠΆΠ΅Π½ΠΈΠ΅ Π±ΠΎΠΊΠΎΠ²ΡΡ
Π ΠΈΡΡΠ½ΠΎΠΊ 6 ΠΏΠΎΠΊΠ°Π·ΡΠ²Π°Π΅Ρ ΡΡ
Π΅ΠΌΠ°ΡΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΈ Π² ΠΌΠΎΠ΄ΠΈΡΠΈΠΊΠ°ΡΠΈΠΈ.
ΠΡΠΈΠ³ΠΈΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΡΠΉ ΡΠ΅ΠΊΡΡ ΠΎΠΏΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΡ ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΡΡΡΠΊΡΠΈΠΈ
ΠΠ°Π»Π΅Π΅, ΠΏΠΎΠ΄ΡΠΎΠ±Π½ΠΎΠ΅ ΡΠ΅Ρ
Π½ΠΈΡΠ΅ΡΠΊΠΎΠ΅ ΠΎΠΏΠΈΡΠ°Π½ΠΈΠ΅ ΠΊΠΎΠ½ΡΡΡΡΠΊΡΠΈΠΈ ΡΠ»ΡΡ ΠΈ ΠΊΠ°ΡΡΠ΅Ρ Π² ΠΎΡΠΈΠ³ΠΈΠ½Π°Π»ΡΠ½ΠΎΠΌ ΡΠ΅ΠΊΡΡΠ΅ Π°Π²ΡΠΎΡΠ°:
The hive has provided at I the habitation of the bees, above which are provided two series of cells, as at 2 and 3, which are mounted in a wooden frame 4, which is itself mounted, as at 5 and 6, between the walls of the habitation I the said cells being capable of being removed from and replaced in this frame.
According to the present invention each cell consists essentially of three enclosing parts. Two of the said parts 7 and 8 (Figures 4 to 6) form the longitudinal prismatic cavities such as 9, 91, of hexagonal section, and the other part 10, which is adjustably mounted between the first two parts, forms the bottoms of the said cells in — the form of triangular pyramids, the said bottoms being arranged in such a way that those on one side form the bottom of the cells on one side and the others form the bottom of the cells on the other side. The relative positions of these three parts are variable to suit requirements as will be explained hereinafter.
The three parts or members above referred to composing each cell are constructed with the greatest precision, so that by suitably connecting 4g them together, the walls of the cells of the side parts may be extended and their bottoms fit exactly to the matrix or central wall so as to produce when assembled complete cells.
The matrix or dividing wall of each cell (Fig- 55 ures 1 and 2) is mounted on a supporting member 11 by means of a screw-threaded rod 12 which passes through the supporting member 11, and on which is screwed a nut 13 which rests on the supporting member so that the matrix or dividing 55 wall in each case may be adjusted in the vertical direction.
The central or matrix wall 10 which carries the bottoms of the cells corresponding to the side 5 portions 7 and 9 is mounted by means of linkage 14 (Figure 2) on a screw-threaded pin 15, on to the screw thread of which is screwed a nut 16 by means of which it is possible to determine exactly the correct position of the matrix wall 10 with 10 respect to the side walls 7 and 8, so that the longitudinal hollow parts of the cells shall coincide exactly with the corresponding bottoms.
All the matrix or central walls of the cells of a hive are mounted in a supporting member such 15 as i I, so that they can be caused to slide simultaneously as a whole when so desired by the beekeeper.
It is by means of this sliding movement that coincidence is obtained between the bottoms of 20 the cells in each matrix wall and the longitudinal hexagonal cavities of the cells, so that the matrix wall assumes with respect to the walls on either side a position as shown in the cell illustrated oh the right hand side of Figure 2, when the bee- 25 keeper wishes to extract the honey from the cells.
This adjusting movement is shown diagram- matically in Figures 4 and 5. In Figure 4 is shown the position of the matrix wall 10 with respect to the side walls 7 and 8 when the cell is 30 in position to receive the honey produced by the bees, the bottoms of the cells provided in the matrix wall being adjusted to the hexagonal openings of the cells formed in the two side walls.
In Figure 5 the matrix wall has been moved lon- gitudinally with respect to the side walls 7 and 8, with the result that at the positions 17 and 18 the ends of the hexagonal openings such as 9 are uncovered, so that the honey contained in the cells 9 escapes in a continuous stream from 40 the top downwards. The result of this is that the honey automatically flows from the lower part of the cell and for the purpose of collecting it a collecting receptacle !9 (Figure 3) is placed in the hive which has connected to it a curved pipe 20 45 through which the honey flows from the receptacle 19 to an externally disposed receptacle 21 whence it is removed by the bee-keeper.
Each cell is of trapezoidal form as will be seen from Figure 1, so that the cells can conveniently 50 be provided above the part I of the hive.
The invention is not limited to the particular construction hereinbefore described. Thus for example instead of arranging the matrix wall to be movable longitudinally in relation to the side 55 walls, the discharge of the honey from the cells may be effected by imparting a lateral movement to the side walls so as to separate them from the matrix wall in a horizontal direction as indicated in Figure 6. In such case, owing to the 60 hexagonal recesses being separated from their respective bottoms, channels such as 22, 23 are formed,, down which the honey escapes to the lower part of the cell.
In the case shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3 it is of 65 importance to the bee-keeper that the cells should be provided with means for raising the matrix walls as a whole. This can be effected by various mechanisms, one of which is hereinafter described by way of example.
The matrix walls of the cells on each side of the hive are suspended from or connected to the rectangular section supporting members 11, car- 5 ried on rollers 24, 25 mounted at the upper ends of links 26, 27 which are pivoted on spindles and the lower ends of which are articulated at 30, 31 to a horizontally extending bar 32, to which is also articulated at 33 a lever 34 the pivot pin of 10 ; which is located at 35 and which is provided with a knob or handle 38. There is thus formed a system of articulated parallelograms controlled by the lever 34.
By turning the lever 34 by means of the handle 15 36 from right to left, the above mentioned system of articulated parallelograms causes the rollers to rise, thus elevating the rectangular supporting members 11 and consequently the matrix walls of the cells as a whole. By moving the 20 lever 34 in the opposite direction the ma-trix walls are returned to their original positions after the honey has flowed from the cells.
This mechanism may be replaced by any other mechanism which will produce the same result. 25
In the foregoing description no mention has been made of the known practical operations which the bee-keeper will have to employ when using metallic beehive cells, such for example as the covering of the cells with a thin coating 30 of wax so that the bees shall be in their habitual element; when this coating of wax is broken owing to the movement of the cells as hereinbefore described, the bees themselves will instinctively proceed to repair the damage.Β Β Β Β 35
The invention has been described with reference only to cells made wholly or partly of a metal such as aluminium or alloys of aluminium, but is applicable to cells made of other materials.
I claim:Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β Β 43
- A beehive including cells for the honey made of a number of fixed parts with movable parts interposed, the fixed parts being set at an inclination and forming the walls of the cells and linkage operated through an operating lever for 45 raising said movable parts out Of coincidence with the lower ends of the stationary parts to permit the honey to flow from the cells.
- A beehive including cells for the honey made
of a number of fixed parts and movable parts go the fixed parts being set at an inclination and forming the walls of the cells and the movable parts being disposed between the fixed parts! and forming the bottoms of the cells and means for moving the bottoms of the cells in a vertical 55 direction out of coincidence with the ends of the β’fixed parts to permit honey to flow from the cells.
- A beehive including cells for the honey made of a number of fixed parts and movable parts, the movable parts being set at an inclination and Π΄ΠΎ forming the walls of the cells and the fixed parts being disposed between the movable parts and forming the bottoms of the cells and means for moving the movable parts in a direction away from the fixed parts so as to enable the honey Π΄ΠΎ to flow from the bottoms of the cells.
JUAN BIZCARRO GARRIGA.
Β ΠΠ΅Π»Π°ΠΉΡΠ΅ Π²ΡΠ²ΠΎΠ΄Ρ ΠΎ ΡΡ